Recognize, remove, rest and recover before returning to sport. Those are
key points about sport-related concussion stated in the 5th International
Consensus Statement on Concussion in Sport.
The Canadian Guidelines on Concussion in Sport have been developed based
on this statement and were recently released by Parachute Canada, a
charitable organization focused on injury prevention, and its expert
The good news is that most people who suffer a concussion will recover in
the initial days and weeks following injury. However, some will have
ongoing symptoms. While concussions may occur in sport, there are many
benefits to physical activity and sport participation for both youth and
I am a physiotherapist and researcher (assistant professor and clinician
scientist) at the Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre, Faculty of
Kinesiology, University of Calgary. My research focuses on the prevention
and treatment of sport-related concussion in children, youth and adults,
with special emphasis on the role of the neck and balance systems.
A concussion is a type of a brain injury that occurs following a trauma to
the head or body. Symptoms can come on immediately or may take hours to
gradually evolve. The most common symptom following concussion is a
headache. However, a number of other symptoms such as dizziness, nausea,
fatigue, difficulty with concentration, neck pain and other complaints may
also occur. Lying motionless, clutching the head, being slow to get up,
wobbling and appearing dazed are some of the observable signs.