PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS : CHILDREN : ADOLESCENTS: Perspectives on High-Intensity Interval Exercise for Health Promotion in Children and Adolescents

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PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS : CHILDREN : ADOLESCENTS: Perspectives on High-Intensity Interval Exercise for Health Promotion in Children and Adolescents

David P. Dillard
Administrator



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PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS :

CHILDREN :

ADOLESCENTS:

Perspectives on High-Intensity Interval Exercise
for Health Promotion in Children and Adolescents

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Perspectives on High-Intensity Interval Exercise
for Health Promotion in Children and Adolescents

https://www.dovepress.com/perspectives-on-high-intensity-interval-
exercise-for-health-promotion--peer-reviewed-article-OAJSM

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A shorter URL for the above link:

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https://tinyurl.com/yagycvej



Authors Bond B, Weston KL, Williams CA, Barker AR

Received 3 August 2017

Accepted for publication 6 October 2017

Published 27 November 2017 Volume 2017:8 Pages 243265

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OAJSM.S127395

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Andreas Imhoff

Bert Bond,1 Kathryn L Weston,2 Craig A Williams,1 Alan R Barker1

1Childrens Health and Exercise Research Centre, Sport and Health Sciences,
College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter,
UK 2School of Health and Social Care, Teesside University, Middlesbrough,
UK


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Abstract: Physical activity lowers future cardiovascular disease (CVD)
risk; however, few children and adolescents achieve the recommended
minimum amount of daily activity. Accordingly, there is virtue in
identifying the efficacy of small volumes of high-intensity exercise for
health benefits in children and adolescents for the primary prevention of
CVD risk. The purpose of this narrative review is to provide a novel
overview of the available literature concerning high-intensity
interval-exercise (HIIE) interventions in children and adolescents.
Specifically, the following areas are addressed:


1) outlining the health benefits observed following a single bout of HIIE,

2) reviewing the role of HIIE training in the management of pediatric
obesity, and


3) discussing the effectiveness of school-based HIIE training.


In total, 39 HIIE intervention studies were included in this review. Based
upon the available data, a single bout of high-intensity exercise provides
a potent stimulus for favorable, acute changes across a range of
cardiometabolic outcomes that are often superior to a comparative bout of
moderate-intensity exercise (14 studies reviewed). HIIE also promotes
improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness and cardiometabolic health
status in overweight and obese children and adolescents (10 studies
reviewed) and when delivered in the school setting (15 studies reviewed).
We thus conclude that high-intensity exercise is a feasible and potent
method of improving a range of cardiometabolic outcomes in children and
adolescents. However, further work is needed to optimize the delivery of
HIIE interventions in terms of participant enjoyment and acceptability, to
include a wider range of health outcomes, and to control for important
confounding variables (eg, changes in diet and habitual physical
activity). Finally, research into the application of HIIE training
interventions to children and adolescents of different ages, sexes,
pubertal status, and sociocultural backgrounds is required.

Keywords: vigorous physical activity, primary prevention, pediatric,
cardiometabolic disease


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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
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